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Arrival and Settling In
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Arrival and Settling In

The four Glinz men who decided to initially settle in Canada were ANDREW John Glintz, John Carl FREDERICK Glin, known as Frederick, Ernst Wilhelm Glinz, known as William, and Christian Ernst, known as Ernest Glinz.

Andrew John Glintz

Records left by Alan Glinz state that Andrew John Glintz(and family) sailed from Germany on the ship Bramehofen(sp?). This will likely never be proven as the emigration records for the port of Bremen were destroyed in the Second World War. Searches of known ship names of the era reveal no ship by the name Bramehofen or even remotely similar spellings. Hence I am inclined to believe that this may not be reference to a ship name, but to the port of departure, Bremerhaven (Bremen). Census records show that Andrew stated his year of arrival as 1862. I suspect he arrived with his wife Frederica Kenoke, and young family, as records confirm their first four (and most surely six, according to birth dates) children were born in Germany. Most likely, the brothers William, and Frederick, made the initial voyage as single men, while the younger Ernest, and Andrew and his young family remained in Germany a while, until word of the voyage and conditions in North America reached them. Family records state that Andrew and Frederica settled first in Jordan, Ontario (see map below), in 1863 and subsequent marriage records of children, show the couple residing in St. Catharines, Ontario in 1878.

John Carl FREDERICK Glinz (Known as Frederick)

Frederick Glinz married Erdmüthe Bohland in BuffaloN.Y. on May 29, 1854. Frederick first settled in the Niagara Peninsula around Jordan, Ontario and spent about three years in this location.

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Map of Jordan, Ontario, Canada, located near Niagara Falls. Jordan was the first known point of settlement of John Carl Frederick Glinz and later Andrew John Glintz.

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Map copyright Microsoft Mappoint

Frederick moved on to settle at Rothsay, Ontario where he operated a shoe business, and later a hotel.  He then eventually settled on Crown Land west of Walkerton, Ontario, after his brothers arrived and became established in the Niagara area. Frederick and Erdmüte Glinz had a total of eleven children. The first 6 children, Matdilte, Ernest Hans, Margretha, twins Frederick and Wilhelm, and Isak were born at Jordan Ontario. From there the family moved to Rothsay Ontario, near Palmerston, where Henri was born. The family stayed only a short while at Rothsay before moving on the remaining 40 miles or so to Walkerton, Ontario. The remainder, Sophia, Albert, Carl Frederick, and Jane were presumed born at Walkerton.

Ernst Wilhelm Glinz (Known as William)

It is believed that Ernst Wilhelm Glinzsettled in ThoroldTownship, Welland County, Ontario, (for township locations of the Niagara Region, refer to map, below) as evidenced by child William Jr.’s birth records. William stayed in the Niagara Peninsula area. Little else is known at this time, of his descendants. One son, William Jr. would later settle at Elnora or Helmsly Alberta, and many of his descendants now reside in the Calgary and Edmonton areas.

Christian Ernst Glinz (Known as Ernest)

Christian Ernst Glinz’ date of arrival in North America is not confirmed, but is is suspected he may have arrived with Andrew John Glintz in 1862. Ernest married Elizabeth Lyons at Arthur, Wellington County, Ontario on 28 October, 1874. Their marriage certificate (seen below) details Ernest as residing in Palmerston and shows Elizabeth as a resident of Peel township. As well, we note that the marriage certificate records his first name as “Ernst” which does agree with the German birth/baptism records that have been located.

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Marriage certificate of Christian Ernst (Ernest) Glinz[1]

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We do know that Ernest’s older brother Johann Carl Friederich Glintz (FREDERICK Glintz) resided for a time at Rothsay, but by 1866 had moved on to Walkerton where he had built a new home. It is possible that the settling of Ernest’s brother, Frederick, at Rothsay, (very few miles from Palmerston), may have influenced Ernest to also come to this area in Wellington County, to be near family members. The birth records for the first two of Ernest and Elizabeth’s children show Ernest’s occupation to be “stoker / engine wiper”. This is most likely a railway job, and we do know that Palmerston was an important railway centre at the time.

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This picture is believed to be that of Christian Ernst (Ernest) Glinz, however no definite confirmation has yet been made.[2]

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Three children were born to the couple from October 1875 to February 1879 at Palmerston, Wellington County, Ontario. They were Mary Sophie in 1875, James in 1876 and Margaret in 1879. Sometime after the birth of Margaret on 17 February 1879 and before the birth of Jennie in 1881, the couple eventually departed for the west. Norman Glintz of Niagara Falls, Ont. states that apparently Ernest first attempted farming in Manitoba before moving on to North Dakota and settling near Minot. Jennie and Alwena were born after departing from Ontario, but so far it is not known whether they were born in Canada or the U.S. Ernest and Elizabeth’s descendants are still to be found in North Dakota.

A factor that may have persuaded them to move west was that U.S. Congress passed into law on 1 January, 1863 the Homestead Actto encourage settling of the west. Apparently, a U.S. citizen, or person declaring their intention to become a citizen, could claim up to a quarter-section (160 acres) of free land. (One other source states that the land was priced at $1.25 an acre, but nevertheless, land was very cheap if not free). Conditions were that they must build a house, dig a well, plow ten acres and fence a specified amount. The land would become theirs at the end of a five year period.

The following three pages are images of the first three pages from the Ernest and Elizabeth Glinz family Bible.

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Three pages from the Ernest Glinz family Bible[1]

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[1] Certificate and Bible pages provided by Sophia (Shaw) Hedrick.

[2] This picture was supplied by Sherman Welstad (husband of Violet Glinz) through Arvel and Shaun Glinz

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Copyright © 2003 Paul Frederick Glinz, London, Ontario, Canada
Last modified: February 11, 2003